I received my doctorate in biological psychology in 1972 from the University of Oklahoma and subsequently completed a two year post-doctoral fellowship in the EEG laboratory at the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute. From 1974 through 1999, I served on the faculty of the University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, and the Brain Behavior Research Center at Sonoma Developmental Center. My chief responsibility was the conduct of scientific inquiry. The principal theme of my laboratory was the study of central nervous system (CNS) maturation and function. This included both normal and aberrant development in human infants and animal models. Various parameters of sensory evoked, and to a lesser extent, spontaneous cerebral potentials served as primary dependent variables. Ongoing research involved the study of neurophysiologic development in healthy and "at risk" infants in early life. One of our most comprehensive undertakings carried out over a 20 year period focused on brainstem maturation along the caudal auditory pathway from the peripheral end organ through associated mesencephalic structures in the neonate. This project involved dozens of experiments on thousand of subjects ranging in age from birth to adulthood including multiple levels of prematurity. Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were recorded and analyzed across a broad spectrum of experimental procedures aimed at elucidating changes in neurophysiologic events as function of age, drugs and neurologic status in both longitudinal and transverse designs. Numerous measures including laterality, gender, rate effects, central/peripheral transmission, response amplitude, hearing capacity and medication effects were assessed in order to determine maturational outcome. Much novel information was gained from this work (see publications). The last few projects carried out in my laboratory included: the effects of cocaine and nicotine on neuroelectric potentials in animals and humans, and the assessment of integrated CNS activity and neurodevelopment in genetically altered mice in vivo. Initially, this work with "knockout" and transgenic mice was aimed at the identification of deviations and/or developmental delays in certain brain regions and neurophysiologic processes during critical periods of brain expansion. A final study utilized a prospective, longitudinal procedure to clarify the relationship between CNS events and plaque deposits in mice genetically altered to express high levels of human mutant amyloid precursor protein anticipated to incur many neuropathological features reminiscent of Alzheimer's disease. Distinct differences were observed with respect to normal littermate controls. CV prepared August 1997
Brain Behavior Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Langley Porter Institute, University of California, San Francisco
Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, Florida1960-62Liberal ArtsUniversity of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii1962-66B.A., PsychologyUniversity of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City1968-72 Ph.D., Biological PsychologyUniversity of California, San Francisco1972-74Post-Doctoral Fellow, Human Neurophysiology
UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA, San FranciscoResearch Psychologist,1983-00Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry1983-00 Adjunct Professor, Pediatrics1989-00Associate Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry1980-83Associate Research Psychologist1977-83Staff Psychologist1974-77Assistant Research Psychologist1974-77Lecturer, Graduate Group in Psychology1974-77Postdoctoral Fellow, Interdisciplinary Training Program972-74UNIVERSITY of OKLAHOMAResearch Assistant, EEG-Evoked Potential Laboratory1968-72UNIVERSITY of HAWAIIResearch Assistant, Newborn Psychological Research Laboratory1965-67Faculty, Graduate Program, Speech and Hearing Sciences,Department of Otolaryngology, UCSF1987-92 Scientific Director, Infant Hearing Assessment Foundation1981-85Instructor, University of California Extension (Davis, Berkeley,Santa Cruz)1975-78Omicron Delta Kappa National Honor Society1966NDEA Predoctoral Fellowship 1968-71ITP Postdoctoral Fellowship 1972-74
Society for NeuroscienceAmerican Association for the Advancement of ScienceSociety for Research in Child DevelopmentNew York Academy of ScienceSociety for Psychophysiological ResearchAmerican Speech, Language and Hearing AssociationAmerican Auditory SocietyInternational Brain Research OrganizationAmerican Psychological AssociationWestern Psychological AssociationSouthwestern Psychological Association
Behavior Therapy Institute, Board of Directors1975-78Letterman Army Medical Center, Consultant, Neurology1977-79University of Washington, Consultant1978San Francisco Speech and Hearing Center, Consultant1979State Department of Health, Division of Maternal and Infant Care, Conference on Newborn Hearing Screening, Participant1979National Institute of Mental Health, Referee1979National Institutes of Health Workshop, Noninvasive Methods, 1980Infant Hearing Assessment Foundation, Chairman, Advisory Committee 1982-85State Department of Health, California Children's Service, Ad Hoc Committee1983-84Metraco Diagnostics, Scientific Consultant1984-88Walden University, Self Study, Adjunct Faculty1984-91Infant Hearing Assessment Foundation, Board of Directors1985-91Infant Hearing Foundation, Scientific Advisor1985-91Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, Consultant1990Sonoma Developmental Center, Research Committee1991New York Academy of Sciences, Review Committee1991National Institutes of Health, Alternative Medicine Branch, consultant1993Ad Hoc Qualifying Examination Committees, Graduate Groupin Psychology1975-85Ad Hoc Dissertation Committees, Graduate Group in Psychology1975-85 Advisory Committee, Advanced Track, Graduate Group in Psychology1977Pediatric Follow-up Clinic, Participating Faculty1979-94Biomedical Research Support Grant Review Committee1980-83Department of Neurosurgery, Consultant1982Pediatric Out-Reach Program, Participating Faculty1982-91Speech and Hearing Sciences Graduate Program, Participating Faculty1986-92Ad Hoc Interviewer, Candidate Selection Committee, Speech and Hearing Sciences Program1987-88Ad Hoc Peer Review Committee, Vice Chancellor of AcademicAffairs1988-90Brain Behavior Research Center, Executive Committee1992-94Oral Qualifying Exam Committee, UCSF, Sarah Chuang, Speech and Hearing Sciences Graduate Program1992Dissertation Committee, UCSF, William Toscano, Health Psychology 1994UCSFPsychology Graduate Program, instructor, co-instructor.Course Nos., Psy450, 250, 350, 232, 442, dissertation andqualification exam committees1975-85Speech and Hearing Sciences Graduate Program, lecturer.Course Nos., SHS220, 212, 2131988-92SFSUGraduate Program In Developmental Psychology, instructorfield study program, Course No., Psy8391980-84Pediatric Follow-Up Program, 1974-93Well Baby Nursery, Infant Hearing Screening Program1980-88Intensive Care Nursery, Infant Hearing Screening Program1981-97Pediatric Out-Reach Clinic1982-91 Mt Zion Medical Center, ABR services1988-97San Francisco General Hospital, ABR consulting services1994-97National Institute of Mental Health, ad hoc Referee1979-81Thresher Foundation, ad hoc Referee1980-82March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, ad hoc Referee1981-90National Institute on Drug Abuse, Special Review Group, Committee on Human Development Research, ad hoc Member and Chairman1989-96National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication DisordersAdvisory Consultant, Review Team1992National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Neuroscience Behavior Subcommittee, ad hoc Member and Chairman1995-97 Developmental Psychologyad hoc ReviewerElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiologyad hoc EditorEar and Hearingad hoc ReviewerEarly Human Developmentad hoc ReviewerThe Journal of Pediatricsad hoc ReviewerPsychophysiologyAssociate EditorSciencead hoc ReviewerChild DevelopmentAssociate EditorJournal of Speech and Hearing ResearchAssociate EditorPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behaviorad hoc ReviewerPediatricsad hoc ReviewerActa Paediatricaad hoc ReviewerDevelopmental Neuropsychologyad hoc ReviewerArchives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicinead hoc Reviewer
Grant Review Service
Research Grant Awards
Far-Field Potentials in Brainstem Maldevelopment, NIH Principal Investigator1977-80Neurophysiological and Cognitive Assessment of Low Birthweight Infants, March of Dimes, Birth Defects, Foundation,Principal Investigator1979-83Myelination Defect-Lipid Metabolism and EEG Abnormality, NIHCo-investigator1979-82Neurophysiological Studies on Reading Disability, NIH Consultant1978-81Complications and Sequelae of Alveolar Instability and its Treatment,Project Center Grant, NIH, Investigator1978-81Radiation Sensitizer Neurotoxicity: Experimental and Clinical, NIHCo-investigator1981-83 Prevention and Treatment of Participating Respiratory Distress, Central Nervous System and Respiratory Development in Infants Treated with Exosurf, NIH (SCOR), Investigator1981-86Detection of Medical Illness in California State Hospital PsychiatricPatients, Neurophysiological Assessment of Acute PsychiatricAdmissions, Department of Mental Hygiene, Investigator1982-83 Neurophysiological and Cognitive Assessment of Very Low Birthweight Infants, March of Dimes, Birth Defects Foundation Principal Investigator1983-85Neurodevelopment of Very Low Birthweight Infants, NIH Principal Investigator1983-86 Commissural Transmission and Learning Deficits in High Risk ChildrenMarch of Dimes, Birth Defects Foundation, Principal Investigator1985-87Brain Electrical Events in the PD-APP Mutant Mouse Alzheimer’s Association, Principal Investigator1997-99Commissural Transfer of Information, Biomedical Research Support Grant. Principal Investigator1978-79Neurophysiological Assessment of Developmentally Disabled ChildrenBiomedical Research Support Grant. Principal Investigator1979-80Electrophysiological Assessment of Brainstem Maturation and FunctionAcademic Senate. Principal Investigator1981-82The Effects of RDS and its Treatment on CNS Development,Biomedical Research Support Grant. Principal Investigator1982-83Detection of Abnormalities in Respiratory Control, Academic SenatePrincipal Investigator1985-86Ototoxicity in the Preterm Infant, Biomedical Research Support GrantPrincipal Investigator1987-88CNS Function and Development in Cocaine Exposed Infants Biomedical Research Support Grant. Principal Investigator1989-90Brain Electrical Mapping in Developmentally Disabled Individuals,Department of Developmental Services. Principal Investigator1989-90Effects of Cocaine On BTT and Myelin Content In The Rat, Biomedical Research Support Grant. Principal Investigator1990-91Topographical Brain Mapping in High Risk Children, Biomedical Research Support Grant. Principal Investigator1992
Publications (Journal Articles)
Salamy, A and Williams, HL. (1973) The effects of alcohol on sensory evoked and spontaneous cerebral potentials in man, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 35, 3-11.Salamy, A. (1973) The effects of alcohol on the variability of the human evoked, response, Neuro-pharmacology, 12, 1103-1107.Salamy, A, Butler, PE, McFarland, JC and Hargreaves, WA. (1973) The relationship between discrete and ongoing cerebral events, Physiological Psychology, 1, 327-329.Salamy, A. (1973) Reliability of electroencephalographic parameters in predicting the amplitude of the average evoked response, Biological Psychology Bulletin, 2, 29-35.Salamy, A. (1974) Validity of neuroelectric variables in predicting the average evoked potential, Psychophysiology, 11, 361-364.Salamy, A, McKean, CM and Buda, F. (1975) Maturational changes in auditory transmission as reflected in human brainstem potentials, Brain Research, 96, 361-366.Butler, PE and Salamy, A. (1975) Elimination of a conditioned muscle spasm by external inhibition by an electric vibrator, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 6, 159-161.Salamy, A and McKean, CM. (1976) Postnatal development of human brainstem potentials during the first year of life, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 40, 418-426.Salamy, A and McKean, CM. (1977) Habituation and dishabituation of cortical and brainstem evoked potentials, International Journal of Neuroscience, 7, 175-182.Salamy, A, McKean, CM, Pettett, G and Mendelson, T. (1978) Auditory brainstem recovery processes from birth to adulthood, Psychophysiology, 15, 214-220.Salamy, A. (1978) Commissural transmission: Maturational changes in humans, Science, 200, 1409-1411.Bhargava, VK, Salamy, A and McKean, CM. (1978) Effect of cholinergic drugs on the brainstem far field auditory evoked potential (FFP), Neuroscience, 3, 821-826.Salamy, A, Birtley-Fenn, C and Bronshvag, M. (1978) Ontogenesis of human brainstem evoked potential amplitude, Developmental Psychobiology, 12, 519-526.Bhargava, VK, Salamy, A and McKean, CM. (1978) Effect of cholinergic drugs on the cortical auditory evoked response (CER) in rats, Neuropharmacology, 17, 1009-1013.Mendelson, T, Salamy, A, Lenoir M and McKean, CM. (1979) Brainstem evoked potential findings in children with otitis media, Archives of Otolaryngology, 105, 17-20.Amochaev, A and Salamy, A. (1979) Stability of EEG laterality effects, Psychophysiology, 16, 242-246.Gardi, J, Salamy, A and Mendelson, T. (1979) Scalp-recorded frequency following responses in neonates,Audiology, 18, 494-506.Amochaev, A, Johnson, RC, Salamy, A and Shah, SN. (1979) Brainstem auditory evoked potentials and myelin changes in triethylene induced edema in young adult rats, Experimental Neurology, 66, 629-635.Salamy, A. (1979) Commissural transmission in Humans, Science, 204, 530-531.Salamy, A, Mendelson, T, Tooley, WH and Chaplin, ER. (1980) Contrasts in brainstem function between normal and high risk infants in early postnatal life, Early Human Development, 4, 179-185.Salamy, A, Mendelson, T, Tooley, WH and Chaplin, ER. (1980) Differential development of brainstem potentials in healthy and high risk infants, Science, 210, 553-555.Shah, SN and Salamy, A. (1980) Auditory evoked far-field potentials in myelin deficient mutant quaking mice, Neuroscience, 5, 2321-2323.Mendelson, T and Salamy, A. (1981) Age effects on the middle components of the average electro-encephalic response, Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 56, 140-146.Salamy, A. (1981) The theoretical distribution of evoked brainstem activity in preterm, high risk and healthy infants, Child Development, 52, 752-754.Hosford-Dunn, H, Mendelson, T and Salamy, A. (1981) Binaural interactions in the short latency evoked potentials in the neonate, Audiology, 20, 394-408.Bhargava, VK, Salamy, A and Shah, SN. (1981) Role of serotonin in the nicotine induced depression of the brainstem auditory evoked potential, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 15, 587-589.Salamy, A, Mendelson, T and Tooley, WH. (1982) Developmental profiles for the brainstem auditory evoked potential, Early Human Development, 6, (4) 331-339.Salamy, A, Somerville, G and Patterson, D. (1982) The infant hearing assessment program, Hearing Journal, 35, 10-12.Salamy, A, Amochaev, A and Somerville, G. (1983) The IHAF screening device, Hearing Instruments, 34, 16-18.Salamy, A and Amochaev, A. (1984) A practical approach to hearing screening of the newborn and at risk infant, Seminars in Hearing, 5 (1), 39-47.Salamy, A. (1984) Maturation of the auditory brainstem response from birth through early childhood, Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 1 (3), 293-329.Edwards, M, Gordon, D, Salamy, A, Levin, V and Phillips, T. (1984) Misonidazole neurotoxicity in rats: Part II Effect of pre and intermittent treatment with pentobarbital on misonidazole neurotoxicity in the rat, Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 2, 95-98.Shah, SN and Salamy, A. (1984) Failure of 5-hydroxy-tryptophan to modulate brainstem auditory evoked responses in myelin deficient mutant qk mice, Experimental Neurology, 86, 160-164.Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Wakeley, A. (1985) Maturation of contralateral brainstem responses in preterm infants, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 62, 117-123.Eldredge, L and Salamy, A. (1988) Neurobehavioral and neurophysiological assessment of healthy and "at risk" full term infants. Child Development, 58, 186-192Eggermont, JJ and Salamy, A. (1988) Maturational time course for the ABR in preterm and full term infants. Hearing Research, 33, 35-48.Salamy, A, Davis, S, Eldredge, L, Wakeley, A and Tooley, WH. (1988) Neonatal Status: An Objective Scoring Method For Identifying Infants At Risk For Poor Outcome. Early Human Development, 17, 223-243.Eggermont, JJ and Salamy, A. (1988) Development of ABR parameters in a preterm and a term born population. Ear and Hearing, 9, 283-289.Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Tooley, WH. (1988) Neonatal status and hearing loss in high risk infants. Journal of Pediatrics, 114, 847-852.Amochaev, A, Salamy, A, Alvarez, W and Peeke, H. (1989) Topographic mapping and habituation of event related EEG alpha desynchronization. International Journal of Neuroscience, 49, 151-155.Salamy, A, Eldredge, L, Anderson, J and Bull, D. (1990) Brainstem transmission time in infants exposed to cocaine in utero. The Journal of Pediatrics, 117, 626-629.Peeke, HVS, Salamy, A, Alvarez, W and Amochaev, A. (1990) Topographic mapping of the EEG alpha rhythm in Down syndrome individuals: Reactivity and habituation. Brain Dysfunction, 3, 45-49.Salamy, A, Alvarez, W and Peeke, H. (1990) Neurometric evaluation in Down syndrome individuals: Possible implications for dual diagnosis. Brain Dysfunction, 3, 50-57.Salamy, A and Eldredge, L. (1991) Neonatal risk and hearing loss, Seminars In Hearing, 12, 146-153.Salamy, A, Dark, K, Salfi, M, Shah, SN and Peeke, HVS. (1992) Perinatal cocaine exposure and functional brainstem development in the rat, Brain Research, 598, 307-310.Peeke, VS, Dark, KA, Salamy, A, Salfi, M and Shah, SN (1994) Cocaine exposure pre-breeding to weaning: maternal and offspring effects, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 48, 403-410.Salamy, A and Eldredge, L. (1994) Risk for ABR abnormalities in the nursery. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 92, 392-395.Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Sweetow, R. (1996) Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions: feasibility in the nursery, Ear and Hearing, Ear and Hearing, 17, 42-48. Eldredge, L and Salamy, A, (1996) Functional auditory development in preterm and full term infants. Early Human Development, 45,215-228Salamy, A., Fein, G. and Salfi, M. (1997) Sensory gating deficit following cocaine exposure in the rat,. Neuropsychobiology, 36, 83-87.
Chapters and Other Publications
Williams, HL and Salamy, A. (1972) Sleep and alcohol. In: B. Kissin and H. Beglieter (Eds.) Biology of Alcoholism Vol. II. Physiology and Behavior. New York, Plenum Publishing Co, pp 434-486. Salamy, A, (1982) Users Guide for the Synap-I. Infant Hearing Assessment Foundation, Publication. Salamy, A. (1984) Guidelines for Implementing An Infant Hearing Screening Program. Infant Hearing Assessment Foundation Pub.Salamy, A and Eldredge, L. (1985) Functional development of brainstem structures in healthy and high risk infants. In: P. Ackles, R. Jennings and R. Coles (Eds) Advances in Psychophysiology,Volume I. Grennwich, Jai Press Inc, pp219-257.Salamy, A and Weyland, C. (1985) Model program VI: An infant hearing assessment foundation Synap program. In E. Swigart (Ed), Neonatal Hearing Screening, College-Hill Press, San Diego, pp241-258.Salamy, A. (1986) Brainstem ontogenesis in healthy and high risk infants. In: V. Gallai (Ed) Maturation of the CNS and Evoked Potentials, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam. pp166-171.Salamy, A. (1988) Human Neurobehavioral Development, Developmental Research Digest, State of California Department of Developmental Services. 2, 33-36.Salamy, A, Eggermont, JJ and Eldredge, L. (1994) Neurodevelopment and auditory function in preterm infants. In: J. Jacobson (Ed), Principles and Applications of Auditory Evoked Potentials, Allyn & Bacon.Growth, H, Crowell, DH, Salamy, A and Jardine, P. An exploratory study of neonatal pitch discrimination, Paper presented at Western Psychological Association, (1967), San Francisco.Salamy, A and Williams, HL. Reduction of brain potentials following alcohol ingestion in man, Paper presented to American Federation of Clinical Research, (1969), Oklahoma City.Salamy, A, Rundell, OH and Williams, HL. The effects of alcohol on the cortical evoked response, Paper presented at Southwest Psychological Association, (1969), Austin.Salamy, A. The effects of alcohol upon selected evoked potential and EEG parameters, Paper presented at Western EEG Society, (1972), Portland.Buda, F, McKean, CM and Salamy, A. Brainstem evoked potential: Changes with maturation, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, (1975) 39, 434Salamy, A. Maturational changes in human brainstem auditory function. Symposium: Brain and Misbehavior, Conducted at Western Psychological Association, (1975), Los Angeles.Salamy, A and McKean, CM. Developmental and longitudinal changes in brainstem auditory function, Neuroscience Abstracts (1975), 1.Salamy, A. Differential habituation of cortical and brainstem evoked potentials in man, Psychophysiology(1976) 41, 112.Bhargava, VK, Salamy, A, Amochaev, A and McKean, CM. Effect of cholinergic drugs on the auditory evoked response from brainstem to auditory cortex, Neuroscience Abstracts (1976) 1, 1.Salamy, A. A window on the brainstem, Invited address to the Society for Psychophysiological Research, (1978), Madison.Salamy, A. Development of transcallosal potentials, Electroencephalography and ClinicalNeurophysiology (1978) 47, 26p.Amochaev, A and Salamy, A. Reliability of EEG laterality effects, Electroencephalographyand Clinical Neurophysiology (1979) 47, 28p. Shah, SN, Johnson, RC, Amochaev, A and Salamy, A. Effects of triethylene induced neuropathy on brainstem auditory evoked potentials in rats, Neuroscience Abstracts (1978).Gardi, J, Salamy, A and Mendelson, T. Auditory evoked frequency following responses in neonates, Paper presented to American Speech, Hearing and Language Association, (1978), San Francisco.Mendelson, T, Gardi, J, Ortiz, J and Salamy, A. Peripheral versus central processes as reflected by auditory evoked frequency following and brainstem responses, Paper presented to Society for Neuroscience, (1978), San Francisco.Salamy, A. Maturation of brainstem structures. Symposium: The Developing Human Brain, Conducted at Western Psychological Association, (1979), San Diego.Salamy, A. Corpus callosum development. Symposium: The Developing Human Brain, Conducted at Western Psychological Association, ( 1979), San Diego.Birtley, C and Salamy, A. Maturation of brainstem evoked potential amplitude, Paper presented at Western Psychological Association, (1978), San Francisco.Mendelson, T and Salamy, A. Age effects on middle components of the AER, Paper presented at the Sixth Annual Symposium of the International Evoked Response Study Group, (1979), Santa Barbara.Salamy, A. Differential development of brainstem auditory potentials in healthy and high risk infants, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Abstracts, (1980), San Francisco.Salamy, A. Transverse and longitudinal changes in brainstem development following high risk birth, Symposium: Brain electrical events in the assessment of developmental problems, Conducted at Western Psychological Association, (1980), Honolulu.Salamy, A and Mendelson, T. Age-specific normative profiles for the brainstem auditory evoked potential, Psychophysiology (1981) 18, 156.Salamy, A, Mendelson, T, Tooley, WH and Chaplin, E. Longitudinal trajectories for the BAEP in high risk and healthy infants, Psychophysiology (1981) 18, 156.Hosford-Dunn, H, Mendelson, T and Salamy, A. Binaural interactions in the short latency evoked potentials in neonates, Paper presented at the Fourth Midwinter Research Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, (1981), St Petersburg.Salamy, A. Maturational trends of the ABR in ICU populations, Paper presented at the Colorado Otology-Audiology Workshop, (1983), Aspen.Salamy, A, Downs, M and Gerkin, K. Symposium: Recent trends in infant hearing screening, Conducted at the Colorado Otology-Audiology Workshop, (1983), Aspen.Glasier, J, Amochaev, A and Salamy, A. Brainstem auditory evoked potentials and central auditory processing in adolescents, Paper presented at California Speech and Hearing Association, (1983), Los Angeles.Salamy, A and Eldredge, L. Maturation of contralateral brainstem activity in the human neonate, Psychophysiology (1983) 20, 467.Salamy, A, Gerkin, K, Weyland, C, Winzelberg, J, Hosford-Dunn, H and Amochaev, A. Hearing screening programs of the ICN, Mini-Seminar conducted for the American Speech, Language and Hearing Association, (1983), Cincinnati.Van Raalte, G, Salamy, A, Edwards, M and Eldredge, L. The effects of DMM on the CNS. Paper presented at Conference on Chemical Modifiers of Cancer Treatment, (1983), Banff.Shah, SN, Amochaev, A, McCurry, C and Salamy, A. Impaired neurotransmitter modulation of brainstem auditory evoked responses (BAER) in Quaking (qk) mice, Abstracts Society for Neuroscience(1984) 10, 895.Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Wakeley, A. Maturation and pathology of the contralateral ABR in infancy, Paper presented to American Speech, Language and Hearing Association, (1984)San Francisco.Salamy, A. Electrophysiological determination of infant hearing loss, Paper presented to Arkansas Department of Health Conference on The high risk hearing impaired infant: identification and management, (1985) Little Rock.Salamy, A. Long term audiological and neurological outcome of high risk infants as determined by the ABR, Paper presented to New Mexico State Hospital, Workshop on the use of electrophysiological techniques for infant assessment, (1985) Gallop.Salamy, A. Brainstem ontogenesis in man, Abstracts International Congress on Maturation of the Central Nervous System and Clinical Applications of Cerebral Evoked Potentials in Children, (1986), Perugia Italy.Salamy, A and Eldredge, L. ABR's in the ICN, Research Report. Eighth International Conference on Event-Related Potentials of the Brain (EPIC VIII), (1986), Stanford.Salamy, A. Brainstem ontogenesis in humans and its relation to neonatal status: An evoked potential study. Invited Speaker, Department of Psychology, Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research, (1986), Calgary.Eggermont, JJ and Salamy, A. Maturation of ABR amplitude and latency for a population of healthy premature born and term born infants and children. Paper presented to International Electric Response Audiometry Study Group, (1987) Charlottesville. Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Tooley, WH. Neonatal status and hearing loss in high risk infants. Abstracts International, (1989).Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Tooley, WH. Neonatal status and hearing loss in high risk infants. Clinical Digest Series, (1989).Salamy, A. Neonatal status and ototoxicity in high risk infants. Invited tutorial on Infant Hearing Screening. American Academy of Audiology, 1990) New Orleans.Salamy, A, Eldredge, L, Anderson, J and Bull, D. Effects of cocaine on brainstem transmission time in early life. Abstracts of The American Pediatric Society, (1990).Salamy, A, Dark, K, Salfi, M, Shah, SN and Peeke, HVS. Functional brainstem development following perinatal cocaine exposure in the rat. The FASEB Journal, Abstracts, Part II (1993).Dark, K, Peeke, HVS, Salamy, A, Salfi, M and Shah, SN. Cocaine effect on maternal nutrition and pup development. The FASEB Journal, Abstracts, Part I (1993).Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Croutch, C. Probability of ABR deviations, paper presented to the American Association of Audiology, Richmond (1994).Salamy, A, Eldredge, L and Croutch, C. Asymmetries in brainstem transmission time in early life, paper presented to the American Association of Audiology, (1994) Richmond.Shah, SN, Johnson, RC, Peeke, H, Salfi, M and Salamy, A. Cocaine cytotoxicity on glial cells in culture, Abstracts, American Association of Neurochemistry (1994). Salamy, A. Quantitative EEG as an aid in the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders, Symposia, American Psychological Association, Los Angeles (1994).Tecott, L., Peeke, H., Salamy, A. and Guh, L. The spatial learning deficit and elevated motor activity in 5-HT2C receptor mutant mice. Society ofNeuroscience Abstracts (1995) 21, 267.Salamy, A. The impact of neonatal cocaine exposure on communication. Advance for Speech and Language Pathologists and Audiologists (1995).During the past twenty-three years I have conducted numerous special lectures for faculty, fellows and students in the Departments of Psychiatry (LPPI), Pediatrics, Audiology, Otolaryngology and the Cardiovascular Research Institute at the University of California as well as several local Medical Centers and Professional facilities including: Letterman Army Medical Center, Mt. Diablo Medical Center, The Bay Area Audiology Group, Oakland Children's Hospital, Mt. Zion Medical Center, Sonoma and Napa State Hospitals etc. In addition I have been invited to present or take part in seminars, workshops and tutorials throughout the United States and Canada. These include: The University of Washington, Seattle; The University of California, Santa Barbara and Irvine; Bellview Hospital, New York; State Department of Health, Little Rock, Arkansas; The March of Dimes, Birth Defects Foundation telethon, local chapters; The University of Calgary, Department of Psychology; Grand Rounds, Napa State Hospital, Research Forum and Journal Club, Sonoma Developmental Center; Psychoactive-drug Task Force, Sonoma Developmental Center; Department of Developmental Services, Developmental Research Institutes; Clinical Conference of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, etc.